General: PO intake, urine output, body weight, medication use
Prerenal: thirst, orthostatic symptoms
Intrarenal: nephrotoxic medications, radiocontrast material, other toxins
Stop nephrotoxic drugs and renally dose others.
Strict intake/output and daily weight recordings
Optimize cardiac output to ...
Total caloric intake of 20 to 30 kcal/kg/day to avoid catabolism (1)
Restrict Na+ to 2 g...
ACT Investigators. Acetylcysteine for prevention of renal outcomes in patients undergoing coronary and peripheral vascular angiography: main results from the randomized Acetylcystei...
Glomerulonephritis, Acute; Hepatorenal Syndrome; Hyperkalemia; Prostatic Hyperplasia, Benign (BPH); Chronic Kidney Disease; Reye Syndrome; Rhabdomyolysis; Sepsis
Algorithm: Anuria or Oliguria
N17.9 Acute kidney failure, unspecified
N17.0 Acute kidney failure with tubular necrosis
N00.9 Acute nephritic syndrome with unsp morphologic changes
N10 Acute tubulo-interstitial nephritis
Three categories of AKI:
Prerenal: decreased renal perfusion (often from hypovolemia) leading to a decrease in GFR; reversible if perfusion is restored
Intrarenal: intrinsic kidney dam...
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