Amblyopia

Robert M. Kershner, MD, MS, FACS Reviewed 06/2017
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Amblyopia is a reduction in visual acuity as a result of abnormal visual development in the absence of a structural or pathologic abnormality of the eye, not correctable by eyeglasse...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • Squinting of one eye in bright light is the most common symptom, hence the alternative term for strabismus, “squint.”

  • Rubbing the eyes

  • Sitting close to television or computer screen

  • Prob...

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

  • Correction of the underlying disorder should be instituted promptly because the condition may become irreversible if the child is >4 to 6 years of age.

  • Patching of the stro...

ONGOING CARE

FOLLOWUP RECOMMENDATIONS

  • All children diagnosed with amblyopia need to be followed for years to prevent recurrence.

  • Amblyopia treatment is not a one-time therapy; lapses and recurrences are...

REFERENCES

Teed RG, Bui CM, Morrison DG et al. Amblyopia therapy in children identified by photoscreening. Ophthalmology.  2010;117(1):159–162. [View Abstract on OvidInsights]
Schmucker C, Gross...

ADDITIONAL READING

National Eye Institute. Amblyopia. www.nei.nih.gov/health/amblyopia/index.asp 

SEE ALSO

Refractive Errors; Strabismus 

CODES

ICD10

  • H53.009 Unspecified amblyopia, unspecified eye

  • H53.029 Refractive amblyopia, unspecified eye

  • H53.039 Strabismic amblyopia, unspecified eye

  • H53.019 Deprivation amblyopia, unspecified eye

  • H53.032...

PEARLS

  • Amblyopia typically presents between 3 and 6 years, but it needs to be diagnosed as soon as possible if treatment is to be effective.

  • Referral should always be considered if an inequality in the...

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