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Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Flutter

Youhua Zhang, MD, PhD and Bianca Lee, DO, MS Reviewed 06/2018
 


BASICS

This topic covers both atrial fibrillation (AFib) and atrial flutter (AFlut). 

DESCRIPTION

  • AFib: Paroxysmal or continuous supraventricular tachyarrhythmia characterized by rapid, uncoordinated at...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

Symptoms vary from none to mild (palpitations, light-headedness, fatigue, poor exercise capacity) to severe (angina, dyspnea, syncope). 

PHYSICAL EXAM

  • AFib: irregularly irregular heart ...

TREATMENT

MEDICATION

  • Two primary issues in the management of AFib and/or AFlut: decisions on heart rate control (control ventricular rate while allowing AFib to continue) or rhythm control (terminate A...

ONGOING CARE

Many patients may benefit from elective expert consultation. In patients with no significant symptoms, if ventricular rate control or sinus rhythm is easily achieved and the choice of thr...

REFERENCES

1
1 January CT, Wann LS, Alpert JS, et al; for ACC/AHA Task Force Members. 2014 AHA/ACC/HRS guideline for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: executive summary: a report of ...

CODES

ICD10

  • I48.91 Unspecified atrial fibrillation

  • I48.92 Unspecified atrial flutter

  • I48.0 Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

  • I48.4 Atypical atrial flutter

  • I48.1 Persistent atrial fibrillation

  • I48.3 Typical atr...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Primary decision in persistent AFib is rate control or rhythm control. Younger patients often do better with a rhythm control strategy, whereas older patients often do well with rate c...

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