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Cerebral Palsy

Reviewed 06/2018
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of clinical syndromes characterized by motor and postural dysfunction due to permanent and nonprogressive disruptions in the developing brain. Motor im...

DIAGNOSIS

  • A clinical diagnosis including

    • Delayed motor milestones

    • Abnormal tone

    • Abnormal neurologic exam suggesting a cerebral etiology for motor dysfunction

    • Absence of regression (not losing function)

    • A...

TREATMENT

Focuses on control of symptoms; treatments reduce spasticity to prevent painful contractures, manage comorbid conditions, and optimize functionality and quality of life. 

GENERAL MEASURES

  • Earl...

ONGOING CARE

PROGNOSIS

Reduced lifespan strongly associated with level of functional impairment and intellectual disability 

REFERENCES

1
1 Ashwal S, Russman BS, Blasco PA, et al; for the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology, Practice Committee of the Child Neurology Society. Practice parameter...

ADDITIONAL READING

  • Himpens E, Van den Broeck C, Oostra A, et al. Prevalence, type, distribution, and severity of cerebral palsy in relation to gestational age: a meta-analytic review. Dev Med Child Ne...

CODES

ICD10

  • G80.9 Cerebral palsy, unspecified

  • G80.1 Spastic diplegic cerebral palsy

  • G80.2 Spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy

  • G80.0 Spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy

  • G80.8 Other cerebral palsy

  • G80.3 Athetoi...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Management should focus on maximizing functioning and quality of life using multidisciplinary team approach.

  • Regression of motor skills does not occur with CP.

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