Skip to main content

Chlamydophila Pneumoniae

Maria F. Arbelaez, MD and Fozia Akhtar Ali, MD Reviewed 06/2018
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Chlamydophila pneumoniae (also known as Chlamydia pneumoniae) is an obligate intracellular gram-negative bacterium causing atypical pneumonia in adolescents and young adults. Other r...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • Pneumonia caused by C. pneumoniae is similar to other forms of CAP characterized by fever, cough, and shortness of breath.

  • Illness varies in clinical severity from mild, self-limited U...

TREATMENT

MEDICATION

Treatment of undifferentiated CAP should be empiric and dictated by local microbial patterns and antibiotic resistance patterns; specific coverage of C. pneumoniae in patients with...

ONGOING CARE

FOLLOW-UP RECOMMENDATIONS

Patient Monitoring

  • Monitor patients weekly until well.

  • Follow-up CXR can document resolution.

  • Reinfection is possible.

PROGNOSIS

  • Pneumonia is more likely to be life-th...

REFERENCES

1
Greub G. International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Chlamydiae. Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 March 2015, New Orleans, USA. Int J Syst Evol M...

ADDITIONAL READING

  • El-Shourbagy MA, El-Refaie TA, Sayed KK, et al. Impact of seroconversion and antichlamydial treatment on the rate of pre-eclampsia among Egyptian primigravidae. Int J Gynaecol Obste...

CODES

ICD10

J16.0 Chlamydial pneumonia 

ICD9

483.1 Pneumonia due to chlamydia 

SNOMED

233609002 Chlamydial pneumonia 

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Consider C. pneumoniae in well-appearing young patients presenting with CAP.

  • Culture is the gold standard for diagnosis of C. pneumoniae. Serodiagnosis is used for acute infection.

  • Tetra...

Subscribe to Access Full Content

Sign Up for a 10-Day Free Trial

Sign up for a 10-day FREE Trial now and receive full access to all content.

 
×