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Food Poisoning, Bacterial

Jewell P. Carr, MD and Daniel J. Fisher, MD Reviewed 06/2018
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • A condition resulting from the consumption of contaminated food or water

  • Symptoms commonly include vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, abdominal discomfort, and fever (1).

  • Foodborne illne...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • Onset, duration, frequency, severity, and character (i.e., watery, bloody, mucus-filled, etc.) of diarrhea (2)

  • The definition of diarrhea is >3 or more unformed stools daily or the ...

TREATMENT

Most cases of food poisoning are self-limited and do not require medication. 

MEDICATION

First Line

  • Oral rehydration is the first-line therapy for treating acute diarrheal illness (2).

  • A balance...

ONGOING CARE

DIET

  • Avoid food if nausea is present or vomiting prevents intake. Drink plenty of fluids in frequent sips.

  • As nausea subsides, drink adequate fluids; add in bland, low-fat meals; and rest. ...

REFERENCES

1
1 Switaj T, Winter K, Christensen S. Diagnosis and management of foodborne illness. Am Fam Physician.  2015;92(5):358–365.
2
2 Barr W, Smith A. Acute diarrhea. Am Fam Physician.  2...

ADDITIONAL READING

  • Kalyoussef S, Feja KN. Foodborne illnesses. Adv Pediatr.  2014;61(1):287–312.

  • U.S. Food & Drug Administration. Foodborne Illness & Contaminants. http://www.fda.gov/Food/...

SEE ALSO

Appendicitis, Acute; Botulism; Brucellosis; Dehydration; Diarrhea, Acute; Guillain-Barré Syndrome; Hypokalemia; Intestinal Parasites; Salmonella Infection; Typhoid Fever 

CODES

ICD10

  • A05.9 Bacterial foodborne intoxication, unspecified

  • A02.0 Salmonella enteritis

  • A04.5 Campylobacter enteritis

  • A05.2 Foodborne Clostridium perfringens intoxication

  • A05.4 Foodborne Bacillus cereus...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Consider bacterial food poisoning when multiple people present after ingesting the same food with fevers and blood/mucus in stool or having recently returned from a developing nation.

  • C...

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