Adenovirus Infection, Pediatric

Reviewed 06/2017
 


Basics

Description

Adenoviruses are ubiquitous, nonenveloped, double-stranded DNA viruses capable of causing respiratory tract disease and gastroenteritis. 

Epidemiology

  • Primary infection usually occurs ...

Diagnosis

History

  • Fever

    • Nonspecific

  • Rhinitis

    • Upper respiratory infection (URI)

  • Laryngitis, sore throat

    • URI

  • Nonproductive or croupy cough

    • Respiratory infection

  • Headache, myalgias

    • CNS infection

  • Hematuria (gross or...

Treatment

General Measures

  • Supportive care

  • Monitor for secondary bacterial infections.

  • Avoid steroid-containing ophthalmic ointments.

Medication

First Line

  • Cidofovir

    • Has been shown to have benefit in immunoc...

Ongoing Care

Prognosis

Most syndromes are self-limited in the immunocompetent host. 

Complications

  • Bronchiolitis obliterans (rare)

  • Corneal opacities with visual disturbance (usually resolves spontaneously...

Additional Reading

  • Bowles  NE, Ni  J, Kearney  KL, et al. Detection of viruses in myocardial tissues by polymerase chain reaction: evidence of adenovirus as a common cause of myocarditis in children a...

Codes

ICD09

  • 79 Adenovirus infection in conditions classified elsewhere and of unspecified site

  • 8.62 Enteritis due to adenovirus

  • 478.9 Other and unspecified diseases of upper respiratory tract

ICD10

  • B34.0 A...

FAQ

  • Q: Is there anything one can do to prevent these infections?

  • A: Washing hands and avoiding contact with ill persons will help slow the spread of these infections.

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