Alcohol (Ethanol) Intoxication, Pediatric

Ann B. Bruner Reviewed 06/2017
 


Basics

Description

  • Acute ingestion (accidental or intended) of alcohol, resulting in loss of inhibition, often associated with unruly/violent behavior, impaired judgment and/or coordination, diminished...

Diagnosis

History

  • Medical: Baseline health will affect patient’s response to alcohol; diabetics, for example, may have worse hypoglycemia.

  • Type and dose of other drugs ingested:

    • Clinical effects of and t...

Treatment

Medication

IV dextrose as needed for hypoglycemia 

Additional Therapies

General Measures

  • Assess airway, breathing, and circulation (ABC).

  • Protect airway: The patient may require intubation and me...

Additional Reading

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. www.cdc.gov/yrbs. Accessed September 1, 2013.

  • Howland  J, Rohsenow  DJ. Risks of energy drinks mixed with...

Codes

ICD09

  • 305.00 Alcohol abuse, unspecified

  • 980.0 Toxic effect of ethyl alcohol

ICD10

  • F10.929 Alcohol use, unspecified with intoxication, unspecified

  • T51.0X4A Toxic effect of ethanol, undetermined, initi...

FAQ

  • Q: How quickly is alcohol metabolized?

  • A: The liver metabolizes ∼10 g of ethanol per hour, which corresponds to a decline in BAC of 18–20 mg/dL/h.

  • Q: What is binge drinking in youth?

  • A: For children ...

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