Anaerobic Infections, Pediatric

Hamid Bassiri Reviewed 06/2017



  • Anaerobic bacteria are organisms capable of growing in a reduced oxygen environment, either exclusively (obligate anaerobes) or in addition to growing in air (facultative anaerobes).

  • ...


Involvement of anaerobic bacteria should be suspected in infections with suppuration or foul smell, abscess formation, tissue necrosis, or in hosts with systemic disease or defective immunit...



Empiric antibiotics for anaerobic infections include the following: 

Ongoing Care


  • Determined by speed with which infection is appropriately treated with antibiotics and/or drainage

  • High rates of morbidity and mortality associated with untreated anaerobic bacter...

Additional Reading

  • Brook  I. Anaerobic infections in children. Adv Exp Med Biol.  2011;697:117–152. [View Abstract]

  • Brook  I. Clinical review: bacteremia caused by anaerobic bacteria in children. ...



  • 041.84 Other specified bacterial infections in conditions classified elsewhere and of unspecified site, other anaerobes

  • 040.89 Other specified bacterial diseases

  • 473.9 Unspecified sinusitis (...

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