Anaerobic Infections, Pediatric

Hamid Bassiri Reviewed 06/2017
 


Basics

Description

  • Anaerobic bacteria are organisms capable of growing in a reduced oxygen environment, either exclusively (obligate anaerobes) or in addition to growing in air (facultative anaerobes).

  • ...

Diagnosis

Involvement of anaerobic bacteria should be suspected in infections with suppuration or foul smell, abscess formation, tissue necrosis, or in hosts with systemic disease or defective immunit...

Treatment

Medication

Empiric antibiotics for anaerobic infections include the following: 

Ongoing Care

Prognosis

  • Determined by speed with which infection is appropriately treated with antibiotics and/or drainage

  • High rates of morbidity and mortality associated with untreated anaerobic bacter...

Additional Reading

  • Brook  I. Anaerobic infections in children. Adv Exp Med Biol.  2011;697:117–152. [View Abstract]

  • Brook  I. Clinical review: bacteremia caused by anaerobic bacteria in children. ...

Codes

ICD09

  • 041.84 Other specified bacterial infections in conditions classified elsewhere and of unspecified site, other anaerobes

  • 040.89 Other specified bacterial diseases

  • 473.9 Unspecified sinusitis (...

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