Reduced pH owing to alveolar hypoventilation with elevated PaCO2
Defined as PaCO2 >45 mm Hg or higher than expected for calculated respiratory compensation fo...
Tachypnea or Kussmaul respirations with metabolic acidosis
Hypoventilation with respiratory acidosis
Early intubation for severe metabolic acidosis with progressive/potential weakening of respiratory compensation
Altered mental status
Failure to appreciate acidosis in mixed acid–base disorders
Failure to appreciate inadequate respiratory compensation for metabolic acidosis and need for ventilatory support
Ayers C, Dixon P. Simple Acid-Base Tutorial. J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012;36(1):18–23.
Kellum JA. Determinants of plasma acid-base balance. Crit Care Clin. 2005;21(2)...
51387008 Acidosis (disorder)
12326000 Respiratory acidosis (disorder)
59455009 Metabolic acidosis (disorder)
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