Elevated serum pH secondary to alveolar hyperventilation and decreased PaCO2
Hyperventilation occurs through stimulation of 2 receptor types:
Signs and symptoms secondary to:
Hypocalcemia secondary to decreased ionized calcium from increased calcium binding to albumin
Early intubation and airway control for altered mental status
IV, oxygen, and cardiac monitor
Naloxone, D50W (or Accu-Chek),...
ICU admission if:
pH >7.55 or altered mental status
Severe electrolyte abnormalities
Coexisting medical illness requiring admi...
Increased minute ventilation is the primary cause of respiratory alkalosis, characterized by decreased PaCO2 and increased pH.
Metabolic alkalosis is usually caused by an increase i...
Ayers C, Dixon P. Simple acid-base tutorial. J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012;36(1):18–23.
Khanna A, Kurtzman NA. Metabolic alkalosis. J Nephrol. 2006;(suppl 9):S86–S96.
276.4 Mixed acid-base balance disorder
E87.4 Mixed disorder of acid-base balance
21420006 Alkalosis (disorder)
111378004 Respiratory alkalosis
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