Reduction below normal in the mass of RBCs
Measured by 1 or more of the major RBC components:
Hemoglobin (Hgb): Concentration of the major oxygen-carrying component in whole blood
Rapidity of onset:
Hypovolemia if acute
Asymptomatic if mild and chronic
Severity and type of anemia
Decreased exercise intolerance
Control bleeding to include wound packing and use of tourniquets if needed.
Two large-bore IVs
Unstable vital signs
Ongoing blood loss
Symptomatic anemia—angina/dyspnea/syncope/neurologic symptoms
Need for transfusion
Need for aggressive evaluation
Anemia is an indication of an underlying disorder or deficiency.
Severe or life-threatening cases require immediate correction via blood transfusion.
Most cases seen in the ED are ch...
Bryan L, Zakai N. Why is my patient anemic? Hematol Oncol Clin N. 2012;26:205–230.
Bunn HF. Goldman: Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, an impr...
280.0 Iron deficiency anemia secondary to blood loss (chronic)
285.1 Acute posthemorrhagic anemia
285.9 Anemia, unspecified
283.9 Acquired hemolytic anemia, unspecified
285.29 Anemia of other ch...
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