Mechanism of injury:
Inversion injury: Lateral ankle distraction and medial ankle compression
Avulsion fracture of the lateral malle...
History of trauma
Local ankle pain, swelling, deformity
Inability to bear weight
Soft tissue injury, swelling, ecchymosis, skin tenting, skin blanching
Immobilize with soft splint to reduce pain, bleeding, and further injury
Traction devices are usually unnecessary:
Contraindicated with open injuries
Protruding bone should...
Unstable ankle fractures require urgent orthopedic consultation and may require admission
Open ankle fractures and dislocations should be admitted for debridement...
To reduce a dislocated ankle, partial flexion of knee of affected limb will decrease tension on Achilles tendon and ankle
Differentiate between ankle fracture and subtalar fracture ...
Bachmann LM. Accuracy of Ottawa ankle rules to exclude fractures of the ankle and mid-foot: systematic review. Br Med J. 2003;326:417.
Blackburn, EW, Aronsson DD, Rubright ...
824.0 Fracture of medial malleolus, closed
824.8 Unspecified fracture of ankle, closed
824.9 Unspecified fracture of ankle, open
824.2 Fracture of lateral malleolus, closed
824.1 Fracture of med...
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