A clinical syndrome in which the heart fails to maintain adequate circulation for metabolic needs, characterized by chronic debility, acute decompensation, and high mortality.
Fatigue, somnolence, lightheadedness
Palpitations, or irregular pulse
Shortness of breath
Worsening renal function
Cardiac monitor and pulse oximetry
Sublingual nitrates for active chest pain without hypotension
Endotracheal intubation may be required.
Concomitant MI or ischemia
Symptoms not relieved by ED therapy
Mild exacerbation o...
BNP may be useful if CHF diagnosis uncertain.
In severe CHF, NIPPV can improve impending respiratory compromise.
Be vigilant in searching for and treating the underlying cause of the...
Heart Failure Society of America. Executive summary: HFSA 2010 Comprehensive Heart Failure Practice Guideline. J Card Fail. 2010;16(6):475–535.
Singer AJ, Birkhahn RH, Guss ...
428.0 Congestive heart failure, unspecified
428.20 Systolic heart failure, unspecified
428.30 Diastolic heart failure, unspecified
428.40 Combined systolic and diastolic heart failure, unspecif...
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