Inappropriate exposure of cornea to chemicals, heat, cold, electrical, or radiant energy causing damage to the cornea and often extending to adjacent structures
Severity of injury rel...
Severe ocular pain
Foreign body sensation
Impaired visual acuity
Irrigate at scene 15–30 min unless other coexisting life-threatening conditions require immediate transfer
Bring bottle of substance to hospital
Continuous irrigation en route to h...
Increased intraocular pressure
Corneal penetration requiring immediate surgical intervention
HF acid burn; admit for 24 hr of systemic analgesia
In chemical exposures, delay exam until eye has been irrigated
All patients with epithelial defects need 12–24 hr ophthalmology follow-up
Do not prescribe topical anesthetics for dis...
Dargin JM, Lowenstein RA. The painful eye. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2008;26(1):199–216.
Khaw PT, Shah P, Elkington AR. Injury to the eye. Br Med J. 2004;328:36–38.
940.2 Alkaline chemical burn of cornea and conjunctival sac
940.3 Acid chemical burn of cornea and conjunctival sac
940.4 Other burn of cornea and conjunctival sac
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