Various cardiac structures may be involved:
Native heart valves (most common)
Present in 86% of patients
May be absent in certain settings:
Chronic renal failure
Head, eyes, ears, no...
Monitor for signs of heart failure.
Operative repair if:
Severe valvular dysfunction causing failure
Perivalvular extension with intracardiac abs...
Patients with risk factors who exhibit pathologic criteria or clinical findings
All IV drug users with fever
Admit patients with cardiovascular instability to an i...
Fever, new or changing murmur
50% of cases occur in patients with no known history of valve disease
Recent health care exposure/device consider as risk factor
Common complications; wa...
Chen RS, Bivens MJ, Grossman SA. Diagnosis and management of valvular heart disease in emergency medicine. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2011;29(4):801–810.
Hoen B, Duval X. Cl...
421.0 Acute and subacute bacterial endocarditis
424.90 Endocarditis, valve unspecified, unspecified cause
996.61 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to cardiac device, implant, and graft
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