Skip to main content

Zika Virus

Reviewed 06/2018
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Zika virus is a single-stranded RNA virus (family Flaviviridae).

  • Transmitted by Aedes spp. mosquitoes (especially Aedes aegypti) which also transmit dengue and chikungunya

  • Incubation e...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • 20% infected with Zika virus develop symptoms.

  • Fever, myalgia, joint pain, conjunctivitis, retro-ocular pain, and maculopapular rash are common symptoms (two or more usually present), ...

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

  • Usually mild and self-limited infection. Treatment is supportive.

  • Avoid aspirin and NSAID if dengue is suspected.

  • Persons with Zika virus infection should use insect repellent ...

ONGOING CARE

  • Zika virus disease is a nationally notifiable disease; health care providers are encouraged to report suspected cases to state health departments.

  • Lab-confirmed cases should be reported to...

REFERENCES

1
D'Ortenzio E, Matheron S, Yazdanpanah Y, et al. Evidence of sexual transmission of Zika virus. N Engl J Med.  2016;374(22):2195–2198. [View Abstract on OvidMedline]
2
Driggers RW, Ho CY...

ADDITIONAL READING

  • Adebanjo T, Godfred-Cato S, Viens L, et al. Update: interim guidance for the diagnosis, evaluation, and management of infants with possible congenital Zika virus infection—United St...

CODES

ICD10

A92.5 Zika virus disease 

ICD9

066.3 Other mosquito-borne fever 

SNOMED

3928002 Zika virus disease (disorder) 

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Clinical illness is generally mild and self-limited; most infections are asymptomatic.

  • Dengue virus can be cocirculating and the clinical presentation can be similar; test to distinguis...

Subscribe to Access Full Content

Sign Up for a 10-Day Free Trial

Sign up for a 10-day FREE Trial now and receive full access to all content.

×