Human Trafficking

Ronald G. Chambers, MD, FAAFP, Sarah Chaffin, MD and Vincent Lo, MD, FAAFP Reviewed 06/2017
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Human trafficking (a.k.a. modern slavery) is a global crisis, and anyone can become a victim, including men, women, and children. The United Nations defines human trafficking as a cr...

DIAGNOSIS

Recognition 
  • Health care providers are among few professionals who come into contact with human trafficking victims; failure to identify them results in a loss of opportunity of connecting th...

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

Following recognition of a victim, treatment must follow a victim-centered, trauma-informed care approach. 
  • Preparation

    • Providers must be prepared with up-to-date referral info...

ONGOING CARE

PROGNOSIS

Many victims of human trafficking who have undergone complex, chronic, severe trauma are able to recover and lead productive, fulfilled lives. Some work as advocates helping shap...

REFERENCES

World Health Organization. Understanding and Addressing Violence Against Women. Geneva Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2012.
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, N...

CODES

ICD10

  • Z69.81 Encounter for mental health services for victim of other abuse, abuse

  • T74.32xA Child psychological abuse, confirmed, initial encounter

  • T74.91xA Unspecified adult maltreatment, confirme...

PEARLS

  • Human trafficking is a crime of exploitation.

  • Victim-centered, trauma-informed care is crucial.

  • Providers can start by contacting the NHTRC if they come in contact with a human trafficking victim...

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