Human Trafficking

Tamar Stokelman, MD, Ronald G. Chambers, Jr., MD, FAAFP and Sarah Chaffin, MD Reviewed 06/2018
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Human trafficking (a.k.a. modern slavery) is a global crisis. Victims include men, women, and children. The United Nations defines human trafficking as a crime based on exploitation....

DIAGNOSIS

Recognition 
  • Health care providers are among the few professionals who come into contact with human trafficking victims; failure to identify is losing the opportunity to connect victims with ...

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

Following recognition, treatment must follow a victim-centered, trauma-informed care approach. 
  • Preparation

    • Offer up-to-date referral information and multidisciplinary care in ...

ONGOING CARE

PROGNOSIS

Many trafficking victims who have undergone complex, chronic, severe trauma are able to recover and lead productive, fulfilled lives. Some work as advocates in the war against hu...

REFERENCES

World Health Organization. Understanding and Addressing Violence Against Women: Female Genital Mutation. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2012.
National Council of Juvenile ...

CODES

ICD10

  • Z69.81 Encounter for mental health services for victim of other abuse, abuse

  • T74.32xA Child psychological abuse, confirmed, initial encounter

  • T74.91xA Unspecified adult maltreatment, confirme...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Human trafficking is a crime of exploitation.

  • Victim-centered, trauma-informed care is crucial.

  • Contact the NHTRC to help human trafficking victims.

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