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Sympathomimetic amines with central nervous system stimulant activity.
Other names: amphetamine (Adderall, Dexedrine, Benzedrine, “bennies”), methamphetamine (Desoxyn, “ice,” “speed,” “meth”), ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine; MDMA), 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), 3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDEA, MDE, “Eve”), pseudoephedrine (Sudafed), ephedrine, phentermine (Adipex), and methylphenidate (Ritalin).
Other psychotropic amines include 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine, p-methoxyamphetamine (PMA), and p-methoxymethamphetamine (PMMA). These are not generally detected in screening tests and may not be reported in confirmation tests unless specifically requested.
Other drugs that are metabolized to methamphetamine/amphetamine: benzphetamine, clobenzorex, famprofazone, fenethylline, and fenproporex.
Mood enhancers (psychotropics)
Treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Nasal decongestants, bronchodilators
Screen [urine]: immunoassay on automated chemistry analyzers
Amphetamine: Generally do not give positive results for l-amphetamine, MDA, MDMA, ephedrine, phentermine.
Ecstasy: The target analyte of most immunoassays is MDMA. Screen will not give positive results with d/l-amphetamine, d/l-methamphetamine, phentermine, ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, PMA, PMMA.
Screen [serum]: ELISA
Target analyte: d-amphetamine. Will not give positive results with l-amphetamine, l-methamphetamine, phenylpropanolamine, MDMA, MDE.
May produce positive results with MDA.
Confirmation techniques do not typically differentiate between d and l forms of amphetamine and methamphetamine.