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Subject: Urinary Tract Infection Discharge Instructions, Adult
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This is an image of a woman's urinary tract. Labeled parts include kidney, ureter, bladder, and urethra.
This is an image of a man's urinary tract. Labeled parts include kidney, ureter, bladder, prostate, and urethra.
This is an image of a cross section of a kidney that details the anatomy. Blood with waste products flows into the kidney through the renal artery. It is cleaned in the kidney and the waste products flow with the urine to the bladder through the ureter. The clean blood is returned to the body through the renal vein. There is also a callout showing where the kidneys are located within the body.
Ask your doctor what you need to do when you go home. Make sure you ask questions if you do not understand what the doctor says. This way you will know what you need to do.
Take your drugs as ordered by your doctor.
Drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water or water-based drinks each day. Do not include drinks with caffeine, like coffee or tea.
Do not hold back your urine. Go to the bathroom every 2 to 3 hours.
Fight an infection
Help with pain
Do not drink beer, wine, and mixed drinks (alcohol) or caffeine. These can bother the bladder.
Talk to your doctor about drinking cranberry juice.
Pass urine often.
Wear cotton underwear.
Women should not wear overly tight underwear or pants.
Do not use feminine hygiene sprays or drying soaps.
Gently cleanse your genital area each day. Wipe from front to back to keep germs from going in your body.
Uncircumcised men should retract their foreskin and gently clean around the head of their penis daily.
Gently cleanse your genital area before and after having sex.
Empty your bladder after having sex.
Empty your bladder before going to sleep.
Signs of a very bad reaction. These include trouble breathing; wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat. Go to the ER right away.
Signs of infection. These include a fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher, chills, pain with passing urine, back pain, nausea, throwing up, or bloody urine.
Signs are worse or do not improve within 24 hours of starting treatment
Signs come back after treatment ends
You are not feeling better in 2 to 3 days or you are feeling worse
I can tell you about my condition.
I can tell you how to prevent this problem from coming back.
I can tell you what I will do if my signs do not get better after 24 hours of treatment or come back after I have finished treatment.