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Subject: Pulmonary Artery Catheter Placement
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Sterile towels, drapes, gloves, and gowns
Sterile saline for flushes
Pulmonary artery catheter kit
Pulmonary artery catheter
Diagnosis of type of shock
Diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension
Assessment of hemodynamic response to therapies
Diagnosis of cardiac tamponade or constrictive myopathies
Diagnosis of intracardiac shunt
Differentiating high-pressure versus low-pressure pulmonary edema
Assessment of valvular heart disease
Continuous measurement of mixed venous oxygen saturation
Right-sided heart mass
Tricuspid or pulmonary valve prosthesis
Tricuspid or pulmonary valve endocarditis
Cyanotic heart disease
Pearl: When possible, place the patient in a Trendelenburg position of at least 15 degrees down to distend the neck veins and reduce the risk of an air embolism.
Pearl: The subclavian artery usually lies deep under the vein; to reduce the risk of subclavian artery puncture, avoid deep penetration by the probe needle.
Pearl: To lessen risk of air embolism, occlude the needle with a finger.
Pearl: Pressures should be measured at end expiration.
Standard risks of central venous cannulation
Pulmonary artery rupture
Edwards Lifesciences, 1 Edwards Way, Irvine, CA 92614. Phone: 1-800-424-3278. Web site: http://www.edwards.com.