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Otitis Externa, Pediatric

Lee R. Atkinson-McEvoy
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BASICS

  • Description
  • Epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • General Prevention
  • Pathophysiology
  • Etiology

DIAGNOSIS

  • History
  • Physical Exam
  • Tests
  • Differential Diagnosis

TREATMENT

  • Medication (Drugs)
  • Additional Treatment

ONGOING CARE

  • Follow-Up Recommendations
  • Prognosis
  • Complications
The following is an excerpt....
BASICS
Description
  • Inflammation or infection of the external auditory canal and/or the auricle
  • May be categorized as follows:
    • Acute: Also known as “swimmer's ear,” usually an acute bacterial infection of the external auditory canal
    • Chronic: Persistent, low-grade infection and inflammation of the external ear
    • Atopic: Encompasses otitis externa due to atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, and other inflammatory conditions
    • Fungal: Occurs more commonly in patients with diabetes mellitus or an immunodeficiency
    • Malignant or necrotizing: Severe otitis externa with invasive disease into the surrounding soft tissue, cartilage and bone; seen more commonly in patients with diabetes mellitus or immunodeficiency; may progress to invasive disease of the surrounding structures
Epidemiology
  • Occurs more commonly in summer months
  • 90% of cases ...

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See Also
Images >
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FIGURE 121.3. Gauze wick (¼ × 1½ in.) being placed in ear canal to facilitate topical treatment of otitis externa.Credit: NA
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