Diseases & Conditions >
This topic is from 5-Minute Pediatric Consult About our sources

Tetanus, Pediatric

Hamid Bassiri, Joanne N. Wood (5th edition)
Feedback Form
Email       Print Section  |  Print Topic       Add to My Favorites


  • Description
  • Epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • General Prevention
  • Pathophysiology
  • Etiology


  • History
  • Physical Exam
  • Tests
  • Differential Diagnosis


  • Medication (Drugs)
  • Additional Treatment
  • Surgery
  • In-patient Considerations


  • Prognosis
  • Complications
The following is an excerpt....
  • Tetanus is a disease characterized by muscle rigidity and spasms due to a neurotoxin produced by Clostridium tetani in infected wounds.
  • There are 4 clinical forms of tetanus: Generalized, localized, cephalic, and neonatal.
  • Tetanus remains a major problem in developing countries but is rare in the developed world because of widespread immunization.
  • Rare cases have been reported in patients with protective levels of anti-tetanus antibodies.
  • In the US 40 or fewer cases of tetanus are reported per year.
  • Generalized tetanus is the most common form of disease. Neonatal tetanus is rare in the US but common in countries in which women are not immunized and nonsterile care of the umbilical cord is practiced.
Risk Factors
  • Inadequate ...

You must be logged in to fully access this content.

Sign In
Sign up for a 30-Day Free Trial

Sign up for a 30-Day FREE Trial now and receive access to all content.

Start free trial!

Have a book code?

Submit your book code to create your account.
See Also
Images >
1 2
Figure 211.1. Gram stain of Clostridium tetani showing typical “drumstick” forms.Credit: Sherwood L. Gorbach, John G. Bartlett, etal. Infectious Diseases. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004.
Diseases & Conditions >