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Tetanus, Pediatric

Hamid Bassiri, Joanne N. Wood (5th edition)
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BASICS

  • Description
  • Epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • General Prevention
  • Pathophysiology
  • Etiology

DIAGNOSIS

  • History
  • Physical Exam
  • Tests
  • Differential Diagnosis

TREATMENT

  • Medication (Drugs)
  • Additional Treatment
  • Surgery
  • In-patient Considerations

ONGOING CARE

  • Prognosis
  • Complications
The following is an excerpt....
BASICS
Description
  • Tetanus is a disease characterized by muscle rigidity and spasms due to a neurotoxin produced by Clostridium tetani in infected wounds.
  • There are 4 clinical forms of tetanus: Generalized, localized, cephalic, and neonatal.
Epidemiology
  • Tetanus remains a major problem in developing countries but is rare in the developed world because of widespread immunization.
  • Rare cases have been reported in patients with protective levels of anti-tetanus antibodies.
  • In the US 40 or fewer cases of tetanus are reported per year.
  • Generalized tetanus is the most common form of disease. Neonatal tetanus is rare in the US but common in countries in which women are not immunized and nonsterile care of the umbilical cord is practiced.
Risk Factors
  • Inadequate ...

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See Also
Images >
1 2
Figure 211.1. Gram stain of Clostridium tetani showing typical “drumstick” forms.Credit: Sherwood L. Gorbach, John G. Bartlett, etal. Infectious Diseases. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004.
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