Animal bite rates vary by species: dogs (60–90%), cats (5–20%), rodents (2–3%), humans (2–3%), and (rarely) other animals, including snakes
System(s) affected: potentially any
Detailed history of the incident (provoked or unprovoked); type/breed of animal; vaccine status
Site of the bite
Underlying medical history
Complete and submit bite report per local policy.
Elevate the injured extremity to prevent swelling.
Contact local health department to determine rabies prevalence in biting sp...
Recheck for infection in 24 to 48 hours.
Daily follow-up for infections to ensure resolution
Base revisions of antibiotic therapy on culture resul...
Okonkwo U, Changulani M, Moonot P. Animal bites: practical tips for effective management. J Emerg Nurs. 2008;34(3):225–226. [View Abstract on OvidMedline]
World Health Organiza...
S61.459A Open bite of unspecified hand, initial encounter
S01.85XA Open bite of other part of head, initial encounter
S20.97XA Other superficial bite of unspecified parts of thorax, initial e...
Cleanse, débride, and culture.
Antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended for human bites and high-risk wounds.
Consider rabies and tetanus vaccination.
Adjust antibiotic choice and duration o...
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