A temporary neurocognitive complication of illness and/or medication(s) manifested by new confusion and impaired attention
Requires evaluation to decrease morbidity and mortality
Delirium is a diagnosis of exclusion
Diagnosis is made using a careful history, behavioral observation, and cognitive assessment.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder...
The best treatment is prevention:
There is strong evidence for multicomponent non-pharmacological interventions.
The Hospital Elder Life Program (HELP) is a widely used approach (3,4,5):
Dementia; Depression; Substance Use Disorders
R41.0 Disorientation, unspecified
F19.931 Oth psychoactive substance use, unsp w withdrawal delirium
F10.231 Alcohol dependence with withdrawal delirium
F05 Delirium due to known physiological...
The criteria for delirium include an acute onset of fluctuating mental status, inattention, and either disorganized thinking or altered level of consciousness.
Primary treatment for del...
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