DSM-5 classifies dementias under neurocognitive disorders (major and mild).
Evidence of cognitive decline from previous level of performance in one of cognitive domains (attention, ex...
Age between 40 and 90 years (usually >65 years)
Progressive cognitive decline of insidious onset
No disturbances of consciousness
Deficits in areas of cogni...
Daily schedules and written directions
Emphasis on nutrition, personal hygiene, accident-proofing the home, safety issues, sleep hygiene, and supervision
Socialization (adult d...
Progression of cognitive impairment by use of standardized tool (e.g., MMSE, ADAS-Cog)
Development of behavioral problems: sleep, depression, psy...
F03 Unspecified dementia
G30.9 Alzheimer’s disease, unspecified
F01.50 Vascular dementia without behavioral disturbance
G31.83 Dementia with Lewy bodies
331.0 Alzheimer’s disease
Medications for AD show a small, statistically significant improvement in some cognitive measures, but it remains unclear if the improvement is clinically significant.
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