Skip to main content

Food Poisoning, Bacterial

Michael B. Kalinowski, DO, MS and Irfan H. Siddiqui, MD Reviewed 06/2020
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Results from the consumption of contaminated food or water

  • Symptoms commonly include vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, abdominal discomfort, and fever (1).

  • Foodborne illness may be caus...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • Onset, duration, frequency, severity, and character (e.g., watery, bloody, mucus-filled) of diarrhea (2)

  • The definition of diarrhea is >3 or more unformed stools daily or the passag...

TREATMENT

Most cases of food poisoning are self-limited and do not require medication. 

MEDICATION

First Line

  • Oral rehydration is the first-line therapy for acute diarrheal illness (2,5).

  • A balanced oral ...

ONGOING CARE

DIET

  • Modify food intake when nausea is present or vomiting prevents intake. Drink plenty of fluids in frequent sips.

  • As nausea subsides, drink adequate fluids; add in bland, low-fat meals; ...

REFERENCES

1
Switaj TL, Winter KJ, Christensen SR. Diagnosis and management of foodborne illness. Am Fam Physician.  2015;92(5):358–365.
2
Barr W, Smith A. Acute diarrhea. Am Fam Physician.  20...

ADDITIONAL READING

  • Kalyoussef S, Feja KN. Foodborne illnesses. Adv Pediatr.  2014;61(1):287–312.

  • U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Foodborne illness & contaminants. https://www.fda.gov/food/f...

CODES

ICD10

  • A05.9 Bacterial foodborne intoxication, unspecified

  • A02.0 Salmonella enteritis

  • A04.5 Campylobacter enteritis

  • A05.2 Foodborne Clostridium perfringens intoxication

  • A05.4 Foodborne Bacillus cereus...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Consider bacterial food poisoning when multiple patients present with fever and blood/mucus in stool after ingesting the same food or having recently returned from a developing nation.

  • ...

Subscribe to Access Full Content

Sign Up for a 10-Day Free Trial

Sign up for a 10-day FREE Trial now and receive full access to all content.

 
×