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Helminth Parasitic Infection

John P. Barrett, MD, MPH, MS Reviewed 06/2018
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Worm-like parasites infecting humans include:

    • Nematodes: roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), hookworm (Necator americanus, Ancylostoma duodenale), pinwor...

DIAGNOSIS

  • Signs and symptoms depend on the specific helminth, location of infection, and intensity of infection.

  • Infections can be acute or chronic. Some are asymptomatic for years.

HISTORY

  • Elicit histor...

TREATMENT

MEDICATION

First Line

ONGOING CARE

PROGNOSIS

  • Most helminth parasitic infections have an excellent prognosis with appropriate treatment.

  • Schistosomiasis, lymphatic filariasis, neurocysticercosis, cystic and alveolar echinococ...

REFERENCES

1
GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 199...

ADDITIONAL READING

SEE ALSO

Intestinal Parasites; Pinworms; Roundworms, Intestinal; Roundworms, Tissue; Trichinellosis 

CODES

ICD10

  • B83.9 Helminthiasis, unspecified

  • B82.0 Intestinal helminthiasis, unspecified

  • B66.9 Fluke infection, unspecified

  • B77.9 Ascariasis, unspecified

  • B71.9 Cestode infection, unspecified

  • B74.9 Filariasi...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Helminths are a major cause of NTDs worldwide.

  • Helminth infections are more common in travelers, recent entrants, especially children, and communities with unproven sanitation resources...

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