Hyperkalemia is a common electrolyte disorder that may be defined as a plasma potassium (K) concentration >5.5 mEq/L (>5 mmol/L).
Hyperkalemia depresses cardiac conduction and c...
Muscle weakness or paralysis
Decreased deep tendon reflexes
Flaccid paralysis of extremities
Stabilize myocardial membranes; initial treatment with calcium gluconate IV 1,000 mg (10 mL of 10% solution) over 2 to 3 minutes (2)[A]
With constant cardiac monitoring
Can repeat af...
Reduction of plasma K should begin within the first hour of treatment initiation.
Serum K levels should be rechecked every 2 to 4 hours until the...
Harel Z, Harel S, Shah PS, et al. Gastrointestinal adverse events with sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate) use: a systematic review. Am J Med. 2013;126(3):264.e9–264.e24...
14140009 hyperkalemia (disorder)
237847005 Hyperkalemic acidosis
237849008 Drug-induced hyperkalemia (disorder)
Emergency and urgent management of hyperkalemia takes precedent to a thorough diagnostic workup. Urgent treatment includes stabilization of the myocardium with calcium gluconate to pro...
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