Hyperkalemia is a common electrolyte disorder that may be defined as a plasma potassium (K) concentration >5.5 mEq/L (>5 mmol/L).
Hyperkalemia depresses cardiac conduction and c...
Muscle weakness or paralysis
Decreased deep tendon reflexes
Flaccid paralysis of extremities
Stabilize myocardial membranes. Initial treatment with calcium gluconate IV 1,000 mg (10 mL of 10% solution) over 2 to 3 minutes (2)[A]
With constant cardiac monitoring
Can repeat ...
Reduction of plasma K should begin within the first hour of treatment initiation.
Serum K levels should be rechecked every 2 to 4 hours until the...
Harel Z, Harel S, Shah PS, et al. Gastrointestinal adverse events with sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate) use: a systematic review. Am J Med. 2013;126(3):264.e9–264.e24...
Addison Disease; Hypokalemia
14140009 hyperkalemia (disorder)
237847005 Hyperkalemic acidosis
237849008 Drug-induced hyperkalemia (disorder)
Emergency and urgent management of hyperkalemia takes precedent to a thorough diagnostic workup. Urgent treatment includes stabilization of the myocardium with calcium gluconate to pro...
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