Serum sodium (Na) concentration >145 mEq/L (1)
Usually represents a state of hypertonicity (1),(2)
Na concentration reflects balance between total body water (TBW) and total body Na...
Excessive thirst, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, oliguria, polyuria
Fever, myalgia, muscle weakness
Neurologic symptoms common: altered mental status, seizure (especially if rapid developm...
The treatment of hypernatremia involves treating the underlying cause and correcting the water deficit.
Goal for corrected Na is 145 mEq/L (1).
Speed of correction depends on s...
Frequent reexams in an acute setting
Frequent electrolytes and blood glucose: initially q4–6h
Urine osmolality and urine output in DI
39355002 Hypernatremia (disorder)
12403008 Chronic hypernatremia (disorder)
7405009 Acute hypernat...
Occurs from water deficit in comparison to total body Na stores
Common causes include dehydration, DI, impaired access to fluids.
Determine if the patient has hypervolemic, euvolemic, or...
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