A chronic, inflammatory granulomatous infection (caused by Mycobacterium leprae, a slow-growing, acid-fast bacillus), preferentially affecting cooler regions of the body (e.g., skin,...
Known or suspected contact with leprosy
Skin lesions and/or enlarged nerves accompanied by sensory loss
Ulcers in anesthetic feet are the most common cause of hospitalization.
Multidisciplinary approach, including orthopedic surgery, ophthalmology, and physical therapy in addition to specific drug therapy
Rigid-soled footwear, walking plaster casts,...
Frequent follow-up visits until therapy is stabilized and then monthly supervision
Drug toxicity uncommon after 1st year of treatment
CBC, renal, ...
Merle CS, Cunha SS, Rodrigues LC. BCG vaccination and leprosy protection: review of current evidence and status of BCG in leprosy control. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2010;9(2):209–2...
A30.9 Leprosy, unspecified
A30.0 Indeterminate leprosy
A30.1 Tuberculoid leprosy
A30.3 Borderline leprosy
A30.2 Borderline tuberculoid leprosy
A30.4 Borderline lepromatous leprosy
Most humans (95%) are not susceptible to leprosy.
There are no serologic or skin tests for screening or early diagnosis of leprosy before physical signs are present.
In suspected cases, ...
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