Skip to main content

Molluscum Contagiosum

Erica F. Crannage, PharmD, BCPS, BCACP and Dawn M. Davis, MD, MPH Reviewed 06/2019
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

Molluscum contagiosum is a common, benign, viral (poxvirus) skin infection, characterized by small (2 to 5 mm), waxy white or flesh-colored, dome-shaped papules often with central um...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • Contact with known infected person

  • Participation in contact sports

  • Sexual activity

PHYSICAL EXAM

  • Perform thorough skin exam including conjunctiva and anogenital area.

  • Discrete, firm papule...

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

  • In healthy patients, molluscum contagiosum is generally self-limited and resolves spontaneously; therefore, treatment is optional (1)[A].

  • No single intervention is shown to be...

ONGOING CARE

FOLLOW-UP RECOMMENDATIONS

Patient Monitoring

Depends on type of treatment 

PATIENT EDUCATION

  • Cover lesions to prevent spread.

  • Avoid scratching to prevent autoinoculation.

  • Avoid sharing towels a...

REFERENCES

1
van der Wouden JC, van der Sande R, Kruithof EJ, et al. Interventions for cutaneous molluscum contagiosum. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.  2017;(5):CD004767. [View Abstract on OvidMedlin...

ADDITIONAL READING

  • Basdag H, Rainer BM, Cohen BA. Molluscum contagiosum: to treat or not to treat? Experience with 170 children in an outpatient clinic setting in the northeastern United States. Pedia...

CODES

ICD10

B08.1 Molluscum contagiosum 

ICD9

078.0 Molluscum contagiosum 

SNOMED

  • 40070004 Molluscum contagiosum infection (disorder)

  • 240467006 Genital molluscum contagiosum

  • 397515005 Molluscum contagiosum b...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Observation is preferred treatment in healthy patients as lesions will spontaneously resolve.

  • Reassure parents that lesions will heal naturally and generally resolve without scarring.

  • No...

Subscribe to Access Full Content

Sign Up for a 10-Day Free Trial

Sign up for a 10-day FREE Trial now and receive full access to all content.

 
×