Chemical exposure to the eye can result in rapid, devastating, and permanent damage and is one of the true emergencies in ophthalmology.
Types of chemical exposure:
Alkali burns: more ...
Pain, photophobia, blurred vision, and foreign body sensation
Chemical involved, duration of exposure, velocity of impact, and involved area
In alkali burns, can have initial pain that ...
Passively open patient’...
Depending on severity of ocular injury
From daily to weekly visits initially
May be inpatient if concern for non-compliance or pediatric
If on mann...
T26.50XA Corrosion of unsp eyelid and periocular area, init encntr
T26.60XA Corrosion of cornea and conjunctival sac, unsp eye, init
S05.00XA Inj conjunctiva and corneal abrasion w/o fb, unsp...
Prompt irrigation of all chemical burns, even prior to arrival to the emergency department, is essential to ensure the best outcomes.
All patients with ocular chemical injuries should h...
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FIG. 20.1. A: Second-degree umbilical burn due to silver nitrate. B: Second-degree burn of the leg from contact with an iron. C: The buttocks of this infant show a second-degree burn as a result of being intentionally immersed in scalding water.
FIG. 20.1. A: Second-degree umbilical burn due to silver nitrate. B: Second-degree burn of the leg from contact with an iron. C: The butto...
FIG. 20.2. Second-degree sunburn.
FIG. 20.4. Deep partial-thickness burns.
FIG. 20.5. Full-thickness burns.
FIG. 20.8. This circumferential burn carries a high risk of leading to complications and disability.
FIG. 20.12. Electrical hand burn.
Burn: partial thickness, forearm
FIG. 26.3. Immersion burns. A: Hot water burn in an immersion pattern. B: Hot liquid spill burns sustained by a 6-month-old child.