A metabolic bone disorder due to decreased bone mineralization (calcification) and increased organic bone matrix that results in decreased bone density
Referred to as renal osteodystr...
Signs and symptoms of hypocalcemia
Common presentations in children (3)
Muscle weakness: may not be able to stand until age 3 ...
Calcium 1,000 mg/day PO
Children with vitamin D–deficiency rickets (6)[A]
Infants, ergocalciferol 2,000 IU/d...
For children, monitor the following:
Serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, calcidiol
Serum phosphorus should increase during the 1st week of treatmen...
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Obstetric Practice. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 495: vitamin D: screening and supplementation during pregnancy. Obste...
M83.9 Adult osteomalacia, unspecified
E55.0 Rickets, active
N25.0 Renal osteodystrophy
M83.1 Senile osteomalacia
M83.5 Other drug-induced osteomalacia in adults
M83.4 Aluminum bone disease
In the United States, rickets occurs almost exclusively in breastfed infants without vitamin D supplementation or sun exposure.
Children and adolescents with increased skin pigmentation...
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