A metabolic bone disorder characterized by decreased bone mineralization (calcification) that results in decreased bone density
Referred to as renal osteodystrophy when secondary to r...
Common presentations in children (3)
Muscle weakness: may not be able to stand until age 3 years
Diffuse limb pain
Common presentations i...
Calcium 1,000 mg/day PO
Children with vitamin D–deficiency rickets (6)[A]
Infants, ergocalciferol 2,000 IU/d...
For children, monitor the following:
Serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, calcidiol
For adults taking calcium supplements, monitor plasma calcium levels
American College of Obstetricians Committee on Obstetric Practice. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 495: vitamin D: screening and supplementation during pregnan...
M83.9 Adult osteomalacia, unspecified
E55.0 Rickets, active
N25.0 Renal osteodystrophy
M83.1 Senile osteomalacia
M83.5 Other drug-induced osteomalacia in adults
M83.4 Aluminum bone disease
In the United States, rickets occurs almost exclusively in breastfed infants without vitamin D supplementation or sun exposure.
Children and adolescents with increased skin pigmentation...
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