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Pemphigus Vulgaris

Tharani Ravi, MD, Elida M. Lopez Villa, MD and Andrea Padilla, MD Reviewed 06/2019
 


BASICS

Pemphigus is derived from the Greek word pemphix meaning “bubble” or “blister.” Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is the most common form of pemphigus. 

DESCRIPTION

  • Rare, potentially fatal autoimmune mucoc...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • Multiple, painful, nonhealing ulcers in the mouth, commonly the buccal and labial mucosa, palate, and tongue (70%). Roughly 20% appears on genital mucosa. Rarely, erosions can appear ...

TREATMENT

Reduce inflammatory response and autoantibody production by suppression of the immune system to decrease blister formation and promote healing of blisters and erosions. 

GENERAL MEASURES

  • Minim...

ONGOING CARE

A minority of 10% achieve complete remission after initial treatment and do not need continued drug therapy; most require maintenance therapy to stay in remission. 

FOLLOW-UP RECOMMENDATIONS

REFERENCES

1
Joly P, Litrowski N. Pemphigus group (vulgaris, vegetans, foliaceus, herpetiformis, brasiliensis). Clin Dermatol.  2011;29(4):432–436. [View Abstract on OvidMedline]
2
Santoro FA, Stoop...

ADDITIONAL READING

CODES

ICD10

L10.0 Pemphigus vulgaris 

ICD9

694.4 Pemphigus 

SNOMED

  • 49420001 Pemphigus vulgaris (disorder)

  • 403630005 Drug-induced pemphigus vulgaris (disorder)

  • 361212009 Oral pemphigus vulgaris (disorder)

CLINICAL PEARLS

PV is a rare, chronic, potentially fatal autoimmune vesiculobullous disease of the mucous membranes and skin. Biopsy immediately if suspected. When clinical suspicion is high, initiate...

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