Congestive heart failure (CHF): 40%: transudate
Pneumonia 25%, malignancy 15%, and pulmonary embolism (P...
Therapeutic thoracentesis, if symptomatic
Chest tube thoracostomy drainage: >1/2 hemithorax; complicated parapneumonic effusion (positive Gram sta...
Check for the amount and quality of fluid drained, air leak (bubbling), and oscillation.
Repeat a CXR when drainage decreases to <100 mL/day t...
J90 Pleural effusion, not elsewhere classified
J91.0 Malignant pleural effusion
J94.0 Chylous effusion
A15.6 Tuberculous pleurisy
J91.8 Pleural effusion in other conditions classified elsewhere
Bilateral pleural effusion suggests heart failure, malignancy in absence of cardiomegaly, and TB or parasitic infection in children.
Ascites and pleural effusion suggest hepatic hydroth...
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