Increased portal venous pressure >5 mm Hg that occurs in association with splanchnic vasodilatation, portosystemic collateral formation, and hyperdynamic circulation
Most commonly ...
Ascites; symptoms of heart failure including chest pain, shortness of breath, and/or edema
History of chronic liver disease
Avoid sedatives that may precipitate encephalopathy.
Limit sodium intake because cirrhotic patients avidly retain sodium (<2 g sodium per day).
Baffy G. Origins of portal hypertension in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Dig Dis Sci. 2018;63(3):563–576. [View Abstract on OvidMedline]
Bloom S, Kemp W, Lubel J. Portal hy...
Portal hypertension can be diagnosed based on physical examination in the setting of known risk factors, specifically cirrhosis.
Endoscopic treatment is successful for acute variceal he...
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