Increased portal venous pressure >5 mm Hg that occurs in association with splanchnic vasodilatation, portosystemic collateral formation, and hyperdynamic circulation
Most commonly ...
Ascites symptoms of heart failure including chest pain, shortness of breath, and/or edema
History of chronic liver disease
Avoid sedatives that may precipitate encephalopathy.
Limit sodium intake because cirrhotic patients avidly retain sodium (<2 g sodium per day).
Bloom S, Kemp W, Lubel J. Portal hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. Intern Med J. 2015;45(1):16–26. doi:10.1111/imj.12590. [View Abstract on OvidMedline...
Portal hypertension can be diagnosed based on physical examination in the setting of known risk factors, specifically cirrhosis.
Endoscopic treatment is successful for acute variceal he...
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