Increased portal venous pressure >5 mm Hg that occurs in association with splanchnic vasodilatation, portosystemic collateral formation, and hyperdynamic circulation
Most commonly ...
Ascites; symptoms of heart failure including chest pain, shortness of breath, and/or edema
History of chronic liver disease
Avoid sedatives that may precipitate encephalopathy.
Limit sodium intake because cirrhotic patients avidly retain sodium (<2 g sodium per day).
In cirrhosis, patients retain sodium, so restrict sodium intake to <2 g daily
Hepatic reserve defined by Child-Pugh classification: rating based on enceph...
Portal hypertension can be diagnosed based on physical examination in the setting of known risk factors, specifically cirrhosis.
Endoscopic treatment is successful for acute variceal he...
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