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Psychosis

Reviewed 06/2020
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

A disorder where thoughts and emotions are significantly impaired (i.e., a loss of contact with reality). Seen in schizophrenia, affective disorders, bipolar disorder, depression, su...

DIAGNOSIS

Rule out delirium: Psychosis should not have fluctuating consciousness/reduced clarity of awareness. 

HISTORY

  • Delusions (fixed false beliefs): persecutory (being monitored), bizarre (involving...

TREATMENT

Before antipsychotic treatment: Screen for metabolic syndrome. Baseline fasting lipid panel and glucose, HgbA1c, CBC, CMP, LFTs, weight, waist circumference, AIMS testing. Continue monitorin...

ONGOING CARE

Medication management, psychotherapy. Cognitive behavioral therapies can be very effective in psychosis. 

FOLLOW-UP RECOMMENDATIONS

Close follow-up for inpatient discharge (high risk for su...

REFERENCES

1
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Psychosis and schizophrenia in adults: prevention and management. http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg178. Accessed October 16, 2018.

ADDITIONAL READING

SEE ALSO

Delirium; Schizophrenia 

CODES

ICD10

  • F29 Unsp psychosis not due to a substance or known physiol cond

  • F20.9 Schizophrenia, unspecified

  • F39 Unspecified mood [affective] disorder

  • F19.99 Other psychoactive substance use, unspecified ...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Antipsychotics mainstay of treatment; lead to decreased all-cause mortality pin adherent patients

  • Clozapine and LAIs may increase adherence.

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