Pulmonary capillaries leak fluid into the lung interstitium and alveoli, leading to hypoxia and respiratory distress.
Fluid accumulation results from cardiogenic causes (e.g., heart f...
Past medical history
Underlying comorbidities, including prior heart failure or prior myocardial infarction (MI)
Drug (illicit opiate, cocaine) or alcohol abuse
Dietary or m...
The mainstay of therapy, in all cases, is to address the suspected cause/condition.
Ensure adequate reversal of hypoxia.
Strict input/output measurement, daily weights
Posthospitalization appointment in 7 to 10 days
Altitude Illness; Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Acute (ARDS)
Algorithm: Congestive Heart Failure: Differential Diagnosis
J81.1 Chronic pulmonary edema
J81.0 Acute pulmonary edema
514 Pulmonary congestion and hypostasis
518.4 Acute edema of lung, unspecified
19242006 pulmonary edema (disorder)
Diagnosis of the underlying etiology is essential.
Initial treatment of acute cardiogenic edema among hypertensive/normotensive patients includes IV diuretics, IV nitrates, and NPPV.
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