Tissue or lymphohematogenous system infection by adult or larval roundworms (nematodes)
Infections can be subclinical (asymptomatic) or present with acute/chronic manifestations.
Exposure to appropriate vector
Travel (location and length of visit)
Symptoms depend on specific tissue infected.
Lymphatic filariasis (W. bancrofti, B. malayi, B. timori)
Hygiene, exercise to encourage lymphatic flow, elevation of limbs; treatment of secondary infection
Pharmacologic and mechanical removal of nematodes
Mendoza N, Li A, Gill A, et al. Filariasis: diagnosis and treatment. Dermatol Ther. 2009;22(6):475–490. [View Abstract on OvidMedline]
Thomsen EK, Sanuku N, Baea M, et al. Effi...
B77.9 Ascariasis, unspecified
B74.0 Filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti
B74.2 Filariasis due to Brugia timori
B74.1 Filariasis due to Brugia malayi
B73.00 Onchocerciasis with ey...
Roundworms take up to a year to mature and survive up to 15 years in human hosts. Disease burden increases with exposure over time.
Primary prevention includes arthropod vector control ...
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