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Salmonella Infection

Matthew E. Tick, DO and Marie L. Borum, MD, EdD, MPH Reviewed 06/2018
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Infection caused by any serotype of the bacterial genus Salmonella, a gram-negative anaerobic bacillus

  • Nontyphoidal Salmonella typically causes gastroenteritis via foodborne infection...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • Salmonella infections are typically asymptomatic or result in mild, self-limited gastroenteritis.

  • Exposure history: travel; contact with infected human, reptile, or poultry; improper f...

TREATMENT

  • Treatment for nonsevere nontyphoidal Salmonella gastroenteritis in immunocompetent patients is supportive. The illness is typically self-limited. There is no proven benefit for treatment of ...

ONGOING CARE

FOLLOW UP RECOMMENDATIONS

Patient Monitoring

  • Asymptomatic shedding of Salmonella may occur for weeks after infection. Follow-up fecal cultures are generally not indicated for patients with ...

REFERENCES

1
DuPont HL. Acute infectious diarrhea in immunocompetent adults. N Engl J Med.  2014;370(16):1532–1540. [View Abstract on OvidMedline]
2
Hohmann EL. Nontyphoidal salmonellosis. Clin Inf...

ADDITIONAL READING

  • Chen HM, Wang Y, Su LH, et al. Nontyphoid Salmonella infection: microbiology, clinical features, and antimicrobial therapy. Pediatr Neonatol.  2013;54(3):147–152. [View Abstra...

SEE ALSO

Gastroenteritis; Typhoid Fever 

CODES

ICD10

  • A02.9 Salmonella infection, unspecified

  • A02.0 Salmonella enteritis

  • A02.1 Salmonella sepsis

  • A02.8 Other specified salmonella infections

  • A02.21 Salmonella meningitis

  • A02.22 Salmonella pneumonia

  • A02...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Nontyphoidal Salmonella infection is typically a foodborne infection associated with a self-limited gastroenteritis.

  • Clinical syndromes include gastroenteritis, bacteremia, endovascular...

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