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Seizure Disorder, Absence

Felicia Chu, MD Reviewed 06/2018
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

An absence seizure is a generalized epileptic seizure characterized by a brief lapse of awareness. 

Absence Seizure Types

Absence seizure types according to the International League Ag...

DIAGNOSIS

Seizures are often so brief that untrained observers are not aware of the occurrence. 

HISTORY

  • Frequently diagnosed in children being evaluated for poor school performance

  • Teachers report that ...

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

  • Review seizure precautions with every patient diagnosed with or suspected to have epilepsy.

  • Seizure precautions include bathroom, kitchen, home, driving, outdoors, and sports ...

ONGOING CARE

FOLLOW UP RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Patients with associated tonic–clonic seizures should avoid high places and swimming alone.

  • Absence rarely persists into adulthood, but affected adults may be rest...

REFERENCES

1
Berg AT, Berkovic SF, Brodie MJ, et al. Revised terminology and concepts for organization of seizures and epilepsies: report of the ILAE Commission on Classification and Terminology, 2005–...

ADDITIONAL READING

  • Matricardi S, Verrotti A, Chiarelli F, et al. Current advances in childhood absence epilepsy. Pediatr Neurol.  2014;50(3):205–212. [View Abstract on OvidMedline]

  • Vrielynck P. C...

CODES

ICD10

  • G40.409 Other generalized epilepsy and epileptic syndromes, not intractable, without status epilepticus

  • G40.419 Oth generalized epilepsy, intractable, w/o stat epi

  • G40.401 Oth generalized epi...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • If parents are unable to determine the cause of a staring spell, try suggesting that parents mention something exciting or unexpected like “ice cream” during a spell to get the child’s...

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