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Seizure Disorder, Absence

Amy Gallardo, FNP-C and Anthony Russo, MD Reviewed 06/2019
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Absence seizures are a type of generalized nonmotor seizure characterized by a brief lapse of awareness.

  • Absence seizure types according to the International League Against Epilepsy (...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • Detailed description of episode including activity at onset, any automatisms, duration of episode, frequency of episodes, aura or postictal state, age of onset, and birth and developm...

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

ALERT

Review seizure precautions with every patient diagnosed with or suspected to have epilepsy. Seizure precautions are to prevent injury. Patients should refrain from activ...

ONGOING CARE

FOLLOW-UP RECOMMENDATIONS

Patients should be monitored periodically by a neurologist for evolution of absence epilepsy into other seizure types. 

PROGNOSIS

  • Patients whose shortest pretreatme...

REFERENCES

1
Uysal-Soyer O, Yalnızoğlu D, Turanlı G. The classification and differential diagnosis of absence seizures with short-term video-EEG monitoring during childhood. Turk J Pediatr.  2012;...

ADDITIONAL READING

CODES

ICD10

  • G40.409 Other generalized epilepsy and epileptic syndromes, not intractable, without status epilepticus

  • G40.419 Oth generalized epilepsy, intractable, w/o stat epi

  • G40.401 Oth generalized epi...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Children with CAE can exhibit cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial comorbidities. For these children, attentional deficits are the most important marker of cognitive dysfunction and...

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