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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Fern R. Hauck, MD, MS Reviewed 06/2018
 


BASICS

  • Leading cause of death in infants 1 to 12 months of age

  • Fourth leading cause of infant mortality overall

  • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) deaths have been reduced by >50% in the United Stat...

DIAGNOSIS

The diagnosis of SIDS is made by trained medical examiners/coroners when the death is believed to be from natural causes and after thorough reviews of the medical history, death scene invest...

ONGOING CARE

General recommendations for positioning infants: 
  • Infants frequently should be placed on their bellies when awake and observed by responsible adults to prevent head flattening (plagiocepha...

REFERENCES

1
Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Camperlengo L, Ludvigsen R, et al. Classification system for the Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Case Registry and its application. Pediatrics.  2014;134(1):e210–e2...

ADDITIONAL READING

Moon RY; and Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths: evidence base for 2016 updated recommendations for a safe infant sleeping enviro...

CODES

ICD10

  • R95 Sudden infant death syndrome

  • R99 Ill-defined and unknown cause of mortality

  • W75 Accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed

ICD9

798.0 Sudden infant death syndrome 

SNOMED

51178009 Sudden...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Although the exact cause of SIDS is unknown, several risk-reduction measures will significantly reduce an infant's chance of dying from SIDS and other sleep-related sudden unexpected i...

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