Tinnitus is a perceived sensation of sound in the absence of an external acoustic stimulus; often described as a ringing, hissing, buzzing, or whooshing
Derived from the Latin word ti...
Onset gradual (presbycusis) or abrupt (following loud noise exposure)
Timing: can be continuous (hearing loss) or intermittent (Ménière disease)
Pattern: nonpulsatile > pulsatile (of...
Individualize treatment based on the severity of tinnitus and impact on function.
Manage treatable pathology.
Education, relaxation therapy, cognitive-behavior...
Audiologist: for hearing evaluation and therapy
Counseling as needed for psychological distress
Family physician: as needed for support and guidance
Aazh H, El Refaie A, Humphriss R. Gabapentin for tinnitus: a systematic review. Am J Audiol. 2011;20(2):151–158. [View Abstract on OvidMedline]
Liu F, Han X, Li Y, et al. Acupu...
H93.19 Tinnitus, unspecified ear
H93.11 Tinnitus, right ear
H93.12 Tinnitus, left ear
H93.13 Tinnitus, bilateral
388.30 Tinnitus, unspecified
388.31 Subjective tinnitus
388.32 Objective tinni...
People have different levels of tolerance to tinnitus. It may affect sleep, concentration, and emotional state. Many patients with chronic tinnitus have depression.
To keep tinnitus fro...
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