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Trichinellosis

Ngozi N. Emuchay, MD and Jacqueline R. Ivey-Brown, MD, FACP Reviewed 06/2019
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

A parasitic disease that is acquired after ingestion of raw or undercooked meat contaminated with viable cysts of nematode in the genus Trichinella. The most common species worldwide...

DIAGNOSIS

  • Diagnosis is based on symptoms consistent with trichinellosis in the setting of appropriate exposure to pork or wild game.

  • Laboratory diagnosis is made with Trichinella antibody test; however...

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

ONGOING CARE

FOLLOW-UP RECOMMENDATIONS

Activity: 
  • As tolerated

  • Bed rest may help muscular pain.

Patient Monitoring

  • Monitor for cardiac, neurologic, and pulmonary complications.

  • Long courses of treatment wit...

REFERENCES

1
Bălescu A, Nemet C, Zamfir C, et al. Identifying risk factors for symptoms of severe trichinellosis—a case study of 143 infected persons in Brasov, Romania 2001–2008. Vet Parasitol.  ...

ADDITIONAL READING

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Surveillance for trichnellosis—United States, 2015 annual summary. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, CDC;...

CODES

ICD10

B75 Trichinellosis 

ICD9

124 Trichinosis 

SNOMED

  • 88264003 Infection by larvae of Trichinella spiralis (disorder)

  • 240867002 invasive trichinosis (disorder)

  • 240117006 trichinosis myositis (disorder...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • The most common sources of trichinellosis in the United States is wild bear meat. Worldwide, pork is the most common source.

  • Hallmark signs and symptoms of trichinellosis are periorbita...

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