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Ulcerative Colitis

Reviewed 06/2019
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Chronic relapsing and remitting inflammatory disease of the bowel causing recurrent episodes of diarrhea that is often bloody and accompanied by abdominal pain, incontinence, fever, ...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • Frequent diarrhea, may be bloody or include mucus

  • Frequent, small bowel movements, associated with tenesmus, colicky abdominal pain, urgency, and fecal incontinence

  • Onset is gradual and...

TREATMENT

Treatment strategies are determined by functional status, degree of colonic involvement, course of illness, frequency of relapses, extraintestinal manifestations, response to prior treatment...

ONGOING CARE

FOLLOW-UP RECOMMENDATIONS

Patient Monitoring

  • Regular surveillance colonoscopy in patients with prolonged (8 to 10 years) active disease (2)

  • Initiate annual surveillance immediately in patien...

REFERENCES

1
Molodecky NA, Soon IS, Rabi DM, et al. Increasing incidence and prevalence of the inflammatory bowel diseases with time, based on systematic review. Gastroenterology.  2012;142(1):46....

ADDITIONAL READING

LeBlanc K, Mosli MH, Parker CE, et al. The impact of biological interventions for ulcerative colitis on health-related quality of life. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.  2015;22(9):...

CODES

ICD10

  • K51.90 Ulcerative colitis, unspecified, without complications

  • K51.919 Ulcerative colitis, unspecified with unspecified complications

  • K51.80 Other ulcerative colitis without complications

  • K51.0...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Diffuse, uninterrupted colonic mucosal inflammation

  • Hallmark symptom is bloody diarrhea.

  • Annual or biannual surveillance colonoscopy after 8 to 10 years of colitis due to increased risk ...

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