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Uveitis

Mikayla L. Spangler, PharmD, Laura K. Klug, PharmD and Michael Allen Greene, Medical Doctor Reviewed 06/2022
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • A nonspecific term used to describe any intraocular inflammatory disorder

  • The uvea is the middle layer of the eye between the sclera and retina. The anterior part of the uvea includes...

DIAGNOSIS

HISTORY

  • Decreased visual acuity

  • Pain, photophobia, blurring of vision  (1)[C]

    • Usually acute

  • Anterior uveitis

    • Generally acute in onset

    • Deep eye pain

    • Photophobia (consensual)

  • Intermediate and posterio...

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

  • Urgent ophthalmologic consultation

  • Medical therapy is best initiated following full ophthalmologic evaluation.

  • Treatment of underlying cause, if identified

  • Anti-inflammatory the...

ONGOING CARE

FOLLOW-UP RECOMMENDATIONS

Patient Monitoring

  • Complete history and physical to evaluate for associated systemic disease

  • Ophthalmologic follow-up as recommended by consultant

PATIENT EDUCATION

  • I...

REFERENCES

1
Harthan JS, Optiz DL, Fromstein SR, et al.  Diagnosis and treatment of anterior uveitis: optometric management.  Clin Optom (Auckl).  2016;8:23-35.
2
Burkholder BM, Jabs DA.Uveitis for the ...

ADDITIONAL READING

  • Abdalla Elsayed MEA, Kozak I. Pharmacologically induced uveitis. Surv Ophthalmol. 2021;66(5):781-801.

  • Majumder PD, Biswas  J....

SEE ALSO

Conjunctivitis, Acute; Glaucoma, Primary Closed-Angle; Scleritis 

CODES

ICD10

  • H20.9 Unspecified iridocyclitis

  • H30.90 Unspecified chorioretinal inflammation, unspecified eye

  • H20.019 Primary iridocyclitis, unspecified eye

  • H20.039 Secondary infectious iridocyclitis, unspec...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Symptoms vary depending on depth of involvement and associated conditions but should be suspected when eye pain is associated with visual changes.

  • Severe or unresponsive uveitis may req...

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