Vitamins are essential micronutrients required for normal metabolism, growth, and development.
Deficiencies are less common in the Western world, but certain populations are at increa...
Review dietary intake.
Decreased visual acuity or night blindness
Poor wound healing or easy bruising
Skin changes or new rash
Abnormal food cravings (pica)
Osteomalacia or histo...
Tack J, Deloose E. Complications of bariatric surgery: dumping syndrome, reflux and vitamin deficiencies. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2014;28(4):741–749.
E56.9 Vitamin deficiency, unspecified
E56.0 Deficiency of vitamin E
E55.9 Vitamin D deficiency, unspecified
E50.9 Vitamin A deficiency, unspecified
E53.9 Vitamin B deficiency, unspecified
Obtain a thorough dietary history when assessing for potential vitamin deficiencies.
Specifically ask patients about dietary supplement use.
The USPSTF recommends against daily vitamin D...
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