An opening in the atrial septum, other than a patent foramen ovale (PFO)
Four major types of atrial septal defects (ASDs)
Sinus venosus ASD
Coronary sinus ASD
Most infants are asymptomatic.
Older children with moderate left-to-right shunts are often asymptomatic but may have mild fatigue or dyspnea, especially with exercise.
Children with lar...
Infants with congestive heart failure should be treated with diuretics.
Elective closure is indicated for ASDs associated with large left-to-right shunts, cardiomegaly, or sym...
Children with typical auscultation, chest radiograph, and ECG findings should undergo an echocardiographic evaluation to determine the location ...
Horton SC, Bunch TJ. Patent foramen ovale and stroke. Mayo Clin Proc. 2004;79(1):79–88. [View Abstract on OvidInsights]
Kharouf R, Luxenberg DM, Khalid O, et al. Atrial septal ...
745.5 Ostium secundum type atrial septal defect
745.61 Ostium primum defect
745.8 Other bulbus cordis anomalies and anomalies of cardiac septal closure
Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
Q: When should a moderate secundum ASD be closed?
A: This can generally be electively performed in children prior to their starting grade school.
Q: What is the significance of a patient having gast...
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