Prevalence of childhood cataracts is 1 to 15:10,000, with the range being attributable...
Decreased visual fixation and tracking? Cataracts may decrease vision.
Sun sensitivity or squinting in bright light? Cataracts may cause glare and light scatter.
Strabismus (ocular misa...
Importance of timely referral:
Congenital cataracts may require surgical removal by 4 to 6 weeks of age to prevent irreversible deprivation amblyopia, so timely identification...
Without treatment, visually significant cataracts result in progressive visual loss. When an opacity that is present at birth or very early in life is not promptl...
Amaya L, Taylor D, Russell-Eggitt I, et al. The morphology and natural history of childhood cataracts. Surv Ophthalmol. 2003;48(2):125–144. [View Abstract on OvidInsights]
366.9 Unspecified cataract
743.30 Congenital cataract, unspecified
366.50 After-cataract, unspecified
366.45 Toxic cataract
366.20 Traumatic cataract, unspecified
H26.9 Unspecified cataract
Q: Is surgical removal of the cataract a visual cure?
A: No. Surgery is only the beginning of treatment, which also includes optical correction and amblyopia therapy.
Q: Once the cataract is removed...
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Cataract vs. normal lens. Cataract versus normal lens.
Figure 2.12. Mature cataract with complete opacification of the lens.
Figure 11.52. Anterior polar cataracts. Right eye (A) and left eye (B) of the same patient.
Figure 11.53. Zonular cataracts. A, B: The clear peripheral cortex is easily seen. The "riders" are visible in B.